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Marco showed her a rock face containing layers of chalk and rock

Con one place, there was per huge fault line caused by an ancient earthquake

Tubb believes the early Bronze Age is the only time that towns matching the description of Sodom and Gomorrah could have existed.

By measuring how far an individual layer slipped, Marco could measure the size of the earthquake. The slippage was one metre and 75cm – meaning an earthquake measuring at least per six, on the Richter scale.

An earthquake that big would have destroyed Bronze Age buildings – but it would have left ruins, not the utter destruction described by the Bible. For Harris’s preoccupazione sicuro be plausible, the earthquake would have had puro trigger verso landslide. This is possible when there is loosely packed ground that contains lots of ciotola. Shaken up by an earthquake, the tazza can rush to the surface, and the ground can turn puro chicchera – per phenomenon called liquefaction. On a slope, this can become verso landslide.

Professor Frostick believed the ground around the Dead Sea was capable of liquefying. However, the towns had esatto be built on ground that contained lots of chicchera, so they must have been right on the water’s edge.

For Harris’s theory preciso stand up, he needed onesto explain why towns like Sodom might have been built at the water’s edge. He believes the answer is that some towns might have needed onesto be built as close as possible esatto verso source of asphalt, a naturally occurring substance that was invaluable in ancient times. The Egyptians used asphalt preciso embalm their dead: their word moumiah, ‘mummy’ preciso us, means asphalt.

According onesto organic chemist Arie Niessenbaum, sebbene blocks of asphalt can be formed on the Dead Sea floor, and these can then float to the surface. This Dead Sea floating asphalt has been chemically fingerprinted and matched to asphalt contained per early Bronze Age artefacts found in Egypt. That means there was an early Bronze Age trade durante asphalt from the Dead Sea preciso Egypt – and settlements may have existed where people collected it.

Liquefaction and destruction

After establishing that Sodom and Gomorrah may have been Bronze Age towns, that there was a reason why they might have been built on the edge of the Dead Sea, and that verso strong ancient earthquake may have liquefied the ground, one important question remained. Would an earthquake of magnitude six have produced liquefaction that was powerful enough sicuro carry away whole towns? Only the Cambridge Centrifuge experiment could provide the answer.

Dr Gopal Madabhushi and his squadra built structures and ground that exactly replicated conditions mediante the Dead Sea con the early Bronze Age. They then put this model con the centrifuge puro spin it, creating 50 times the force of gravity on the model. This made the model act in exactly the same way as if it were full size. The Cambridge squadra then ‘fired’ an earthquake of strength six. The results showed precisely what full-size buildings would have done after an earthquake of this magnitude.

The results picked up by sensors per the model were remarkable. The experiment pointed esatto a scene of utter calamity – the ground would have turned sicuro quicksand, with the houses sliding as far as they could until they reached the bottom of the Dead Sea.

The Cambridge experiment vindicated Harris, showing his cornice could have happened: Sodom and Gomorrah could have been towns built on the edge of the Dead Sea, and could have been destroyed by kenyancupid prova gratuita earthquake and landslide.

When he saw the results, Harris was thrilled: ‘I’m absolutely delighted – in fact I’m ecstatic.’ He now hopes geologists and archaeologists will be inspired esatto embark on an underwater search for the ruins of Sodom and Gomorrah.